BAQSIMI demonstrated noninferiority to glucagon for injection in treating insulin-induced hypoglycemia in adults1,*

Treatment Success for BAQSIMI and glucagon for injection

bar chart showing 100% treatment success for BAQSIMI versus glucagon for injection

*In study 1, the mean nadir blood glucose was 54.5 mg/dL for BAQSIMI and 55.8 mg/dL for glucagon for injection. In study 2, the mean nadir blood glucose was 44.2 mg/dL for BAQSIMI and 47.2 mg/dL for glucagon for injection.

Treatment success was defined as an increase in plasma glucose to ≥70 mg/dL or an increase of ≥20 mg/dL from glucose nadir within 30 minutes of receiving the study glucagon.

Study Design

  • Two randomized, multicenter, open-label, 2-period crossover trials compared a 3 mg dose of nasally administered BAQSIMI to a 1 mg dose of glucagon for injection (IM) for treatment of insulin-induced hypoglycemia.
  • Study 1 included 70 adult patients with type 1 diabetes; 66 patients were included in the efficacy analysis. Study 2 included 83 adult patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes; 80 patients were included in the efficacy analysis.
  • Primary efficacy measure was the proportion of patients achieving treatment success.

Mean plasma glucose concentrations over time with BAQSIMI and glucagon for injection1

Study 1 - Mean Plasma Glucose Concentrations

line chart showing BAQSIMI raising mean plasma glucose as early as 5 minutes

Study Design

  • A randomized, multicenter, open-label, 2-period crossover trial for efficacy analysis compared a 3 mg dose of nasally administered BAQSIMI to a 1 mg dose of glucagon for injection (IM) for treatment of insulin-induced hypoglycemia in 66 adult patients with type 1 diabetes.
  • Treatment success was defined as an increase in plasma glucose to ≥70 mg/dL or an increase of ≥20 mg/dL from glucose nadir within 30 minutes of receiving the study glucagon.
  • Plasma glucose concentrations were measured prior to administration of glucagon (t=0, glucose concentration <60 mg/dL) and at various time intervals until 90 minutes after administration.2

SELECT IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Contraindications

BAQSIMI is contraindicated in patients with pheochromocytoma because of risk of substantial increase in blood pressure , insulinoma because of risk of hypoglycemia, and known hypersensitivity to glucagon or to any of the excipients in BAQSIMI. Allergic reactions have been reported with glucagon and include anaphylactic shock with breathing difficulties and hypotension.

Warnings and Precautions

BAQSIMI is contraindicated in patients with pheochromocytoma because glucagon may stimulate release of catecholamines from the tumor. If the patient develops a substantial increase in blood pressure and a previously undiagnosed pheochromocytoma is suspected, 5 to 10 mg of phentolamine mesylate, administered intravenously, has been shown to be effective in lowering blood pressure.

Common cold with nasal congestion did not impact absorption of BAQSIMI3

Glucose Concentrations Over Time Following BAQSIMI Administration

line chart showing glucose concentrations of BAQSIMI in patients with nasal congestion

Study Design3

  • A randomized, single-center, open-label, repeated-measures, parallel-design, phase I study examining the safety and PK/PD of a single BAQSIMI 3 mg dose in otherwise healthy adult participants with nasal congestion resulting from common cold.
  • Adult participants in cohort 1 (n=18) received 2 doses of BAQSIMI 3 mg: one while experiencing nasal congestion and another after recovery from cold symptoms.
  • Adult participants in cohort 2 (n=18), who also had colds with nasal congestion, received a single dose of BAQSIMI 3 mg 2 hours after treatment with the decongestant oxymetazoline.
  • Blood glucagon and glucose concentrations were measured before and at various time intervals until 180 minutes after BAQSIMI administration.

References:

  1. Baqsimi. Prescribing Information. Lilly USA, LLC.
  2. Suico JG, Hövelmann U, Zhang S, Shen T, Bergman B, Sherr J, Zijlstra E, Frier BM, Plum-Mörschel L. Glucagon Administration by Nasal and Intramuscular Routes in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes During Insulin-Induced Hypoglycaemia: A Randomised, Open-Label, Crossover Study. Diabetes Ther. 2020 Jul;11(7):1591-1603. doi: 10.1007/s13300-020-00845-7.
  3. Guzman CB, Dulude H, Piché C, et al. Effects of common cold and concomitant administration of nasal decongestant on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nasal glucagon in otherwise healthy participants: a randomized clinical trial. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2018;20(3):646-653.

INDICATION

BAQSIMI® is indicated for the treatment of severe hypoglycemia in adult and pediatric patients with diabetes ages 4 years and above.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Contraindications

BAQSIMI is contraindicated in patients with pheochromocytoma because of risk of substantial increase in blood pressure, insulinoma because of risk of hypoglycemia, and known hypersensitivity to glucagon or to any of the excipients in BAQSIMI. Allergic reactions have been reported with glucagon and include anaphylactic shock with breathing difficulties and hypotension.

Warnings and Precautions

BAQSIMI is contraindicated in patients with pheochromocytoma because glucagon may stimulate release of catecholamines from the tumor. If the patient develops a substantial increase in blood pressure and a previously undiagnosed pheochromocytoma is suspected, 5 to 10 mg of phentolamine mesylate, administered intravenously, has been shown to be effective in lowering blood pressure.

In patients with insulinoma, administration of glucagon may produce an initial increase in blood glucose; however, BAQSIMI administration may directly or indirectly (through an initial rise in blood glucose) stimulate exaggerated insulin release from an insulinoma and cause hypoglycemia. BAQSIMI is contraindicated in patients with insulinoma. If a patient develops symptoms of hypoglycemia after a dose of BAQSIMI, give glucose orally or intravenously.

Allergic reactions have been reported with glucagon, these include generalized rash, and in some cases anaphylactic shock with breathing difficulties and hypotension. BAQSIMI is contraindicated in patients with a prior hypersensitivity reaction.

BAQSIMI is effective in treating hypoglycemia only if sufficient hepatic glycogen is present. Patients in states of starvation, with adrenal insufficiency or chronic hypoglycemia may not have adequate levels of hepatic glycogen for BAQSIMI administration to be effective. Patients with these conditions should be treated with glucose.

Adverse Reactions

Most common (≥10%) adverse reactions associated with BAQSIMI are nausea, vomiting, headache, upper respiratory tract irritation (i.e., rhinorrhea, nasal discomfort, nasal congestion, cough, and epistaxis), watery eyes, redness of eyes, and itchy nose, throat and eyes.

Drug Interactions

Patients taking beta-blockers may have a transient increase in pulse and blood pressure when given BAQSIMI. In patients taking indomethacin, BAQSIMI may lose its ability to raise blood glucose or may even produce hypoglycemia. BAQSIMI may increase the anticoagulant effect of warfarin.

GN HCP ISI NOV2020

Please see Full Prescribing Information including Patient Information provided. Please see Instructions for Use included with the device.